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Memorialisation is the act of collectively recognising and remembering past human rights abuses in order to honour victims and contribute to building a more democratic, peaceful, and just future in post-conflict societies. A memorial is any process, event, or structure that provides a mechanism for remembering.

In addition to acting as a form of reparation for victims, memorialisation can contribute to wider transitional justice efforts by promoting truth-telling, documenting specific human rights violations, and harnessing collective memory to avoid repetition of past atrocities.